Several viruses, parasites and other nasty critters exist out there that can hurt your pet. Unfortunately, Rabies is the only legal requirement in the United States (as it is the most deadly, with a 100% fatality rate for untreated humans as well as pets), but it certainly isn’t the only ailment to worry about.
Thankfully, biologists have put together a combination vaccine to help prevent some of the more common, yet potentially lethal, diseases. Called the DHPP vaccine, treatment is now very convenient!
The initial symptom of Canine Distemper is a high fever, side effects will likely be followed by lethargy, anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, and eventually once the virus attacks the nervous system – seizures, paralysis, fits of hysteria, etc. Death may result in 2-5 weeks, and there is no known cure. The virus itself is highly contagious, and can be transmitted to other animals.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis Is caused by a type of virus that affects the upper respiratory tract, targeting the body’s organs, such as the liver and kidneys. Though it is incurable, healthy dogs will often recover within 10-14 days. Unhealthy, very young or old dogs may suffer much worse reactions, severe cases sometimes resulting in death.
Canine Parainfluenza is caused by a respiratory virus, and like all viruses- has no cure. The body simply develops an immunity and recovers, in time- usually. The virus is very contagious, and one of the diseases that causes ‘kennel cough’. Unfortunately, it is much more common and easily spread in large populations, like pounds or shelters (assuming the animals haven’t been vaccinated).
Another highly contagious virus that can affect any dog, Parvo affects a dog’s gastrointestinal tract. The virus is easily spread, can survive on surfaces, and highly resistant to heat, cold humidity, etc. Parvo can cause persistent diarrhea and vomiting, which in turn can cause severe dehydration, often leading to death within 48 to 72 hours after the onset of symptoms.
Parvo can be treated, significantly increasing your dog’s chances of survival- if it is caught very quickly. Treatment is intended to support the body’s organ systems, providing fluids and maintaining hydration, until the dog’s body is able to fight off the infection.
1. What is a DHPP vaccine?
The DHPP is actually a combination vaccine, preventing four separate but dangerous viruses:
● Canine distemper
● Infectious hepatitis
2. How often should you give your dog a DHPP vaccine?
Given in a series, your puppy should receive injections three separate times between six and sixteen weeks. One year after the initial shots, a combination vaccine booster will also be given. Your pet will then receive a booster every three years throughout his/her life.
As you can see, each of these four is very dangerous. Thankfully, you have a convenient DHPP vaccine, all four included in one!